Palembang City is one of the city and is also the capital of South Sumatra province. Palembang is the second largest city in Sumatra after Medan.
Palembang city is also nicknamed the Venice of the East, based on inscriptions found in Bukit Kedukan Siguntang Hill west of Palembang, which declared the establishment of a Wanua is interpreted as a city on 16 June 682 AD, later used as a benchmark birthday of the city of Palembang.
The city is considered one of the center of the Srivijaya empire, Attack Rajendra Chola of the Chola Empire in 1025, causing the city is just a simple port that does not mean more for foreign traders.
Furthermore, based on the Chinese chronicle the name of Pa-lin-fong contained in the book Chu-fan-chi written in 1178 by Chou-Ju-Kua referred to Palembang.
Based on the story of Song of the Babad Arya Tabanan Pamacangah and mentioned a figure of Kediri named Arya Damar as regent conquered Bali Palembang participated along with the Majapahit's Gajah Mada Mahapatih in the year 1343.
Then around 1513, Tomé Pires, a Portuguese adventurer from Palembang to mention, has been led by an appointed governor from Java which is then referred to the sultanate of Demak and participate attacking Malacca at that time was ruled by the Portuguese.
Palembang emerged as a sultanate in 1659 by His Majesty Sri Rahman as its first king. But in 1823 the sultanate of Palembang removed by the Dutch East Indies government. After that Palembang was divided into two major residency and settlement in Palembang is divided into regions and Ulu Ilir.
On 27 September 2005, Palembang has been proclaimed by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as the "City of Air Travel" such as Bangkok in Thailand and Phnom Penh in Cambodia. In 2008 Palembang welcomes tours with the name "Visit Musi 2008".
Palembang is currently preparing to becoming one of the executors of the biennial sports carnival sports as the SEA Games in Southeast Asia XXVII in 2011.
ADIPURA five successive FOR CITY PALEMBANG
Palembang city Adipura managed to get an award for the fifth time in a row. Adipura award was presented directly by the President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono H to H Palembang mayor Eddy Santana Putra at the State Palace on Tuesday (06/07/2011) morning.
Although managed to get the award for the fifth time Adipura but has not won an award Palembang Adipura Kencana, because this year there is not any one city that meets the criteria. Certainty is once again answer the rumors in the media who call the city of Surabaya Kencana Adipura won.
Of the 62 cities evaluated, along Palembang Surabaya managed to get the award categories Adipura Metropolitan City for a fifth time. Excellence is the garden city of Surabaya, Palembang excel in the terminal while the terminal managed to become the cleanest in Indonesia.